Folic acid, also known as folate or vitamin B9, is a crucial nutrient involved in the formation of red blood cells and the synthesis of DNA, making it essential for healthy cell growth and function.

High Folic Acid Levels: Typically not a concern; may occur with supplementation or a diet rich in folate. Rarely, high levels could mask vitamin B12 deficiency.

Low Folic Acid Levels: Indicate a deficiency, which can lead to health issues such as anaemia (particularly megaloblastic anaemia), birth defects during pregnancy (like neural tube defects), and impaired cell growth. Folate deficiency can be caused by inadequate dietary intake, certain medications, alcoholism, or malabsorption disorders.

Folic acid (Folate)

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