Globulin is a group of proteins in the blood, playing diverse roles in immune response, blood clotting, and transport of various substances like hormones and vitamins. There are several types of globulins, including alpha, beta, and gamma globulins. Gamma globulins are primarily antibodies, which are crucial for immune defense. Globulin levels are measured as part of a total protein test and can also be assessed through the serum protein electrophoresis test. Abnormal globulin levels can indicate a range of conditions, including immune disorders, liver or kidney disease, nutritional problems, and certain infections or cancers. High levels may be seen in chronic inflammatory diseases or infections, while low levels may indicate immune deficiencies or liver damage.

Globulin

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