One of the key tests in the diagnosis of diabetes – Haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) is a blood test that measures the average level of blood sugar (glucose) over the past two to three months. It does this by calculating the percentage of haemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen, which is coated with sugar (glycated).

High HbA1C Levels: Indicate poor blood sugar control and a higher risk of diabetes complications. Elevated levels are used to diagnose type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, and to monitor diabetes management.

Low HbA1C Levels: Generally seen in individuals without diabetes or with well-controlled diabetes. Very low levels may suggest hypoglycemia, particularly in diabetic patients using insulin or certain diabetes medications.


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